Panch Rathas - the monolith rock cut architecture of India

Location / position / altitude / climate / significance / architecture /stones / temples / gates / timings / entry fee / importance / general information / handicrafts / history / area / map / travel / tourism / photography tips / photo gallery of  Panch Rathas Kancheepuram district, Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram), Tamilnadu

Mahabalipuram, a sanctuary town and an aged port city arranged along the shores of Bay of Bengal in the ballpark of 60 kms from Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu, is planet well known for its glorious Pallava construction modeling. The rock wonders are known for its, "rathas" or solid rock sanctuaries remove in the manifestation of chariots; mandapams or cut-in hollow asylums; sanctuaries developed from various pieces and materials; and the bas-alleviation models cut on vast rocks. Of the sanctuaries the most acclaimed are the Shore Temple and the Ratha Cave Temples.

The five ratha sanctuaries usually regarded as the Pancha Rathas or five chariots stand gloriously on the southernmost compelling of Mahabalipuram. Manufactured by the Pallava ruler Narsimha Varman 1 (AD 630 to 68) false name Mamalla in the seventh and eighth centuries, every sanctuary is a stone monument, cut out of a solitary rock. The sanctuaries which are diverse in structures, arrangements and rises were circumspectly curtailed out from an immense shake, slanting from south to north. These unique "rathas" are named after the Pandava siblings Yudhistara (Dharmaraja), Arjuna, Bhima, Nakula & Sahadeva of the Epic Mahabharata and their wife Draupadi. Additionally these rathas, the models of an elephant (the vehicle of Indra), lion (the vehicle of Durga) and Nandi bull (the vehicle of Shiva) are structurally shown. In spite of the fact that these sanctuaries are named after the Pandava siblings, they are not in any manner identified with Mahabharata.

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