Cellular Jail , Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India

Location / importance / history / torture / temperature / weather / nearest town / travel / tourism / photography / guide / tips / photo gallery of Cellular Jail / Wandoor, Port Blair

Cellular Jail, at the present recognized as the National Museum is a witness to the Freedom Movement of India at Andaman and Nicobar Islands. A major historical feature in Andaman, it overlooks the sea from a hill north eastern part of the Port Blair town center. Primarily, it was erected by the British to house hazardous criminals. But, afterward, thousands of freedom fighters were imprisoned and tortured here, during the British and Japanese rule. Many prisoners died at this place.
The nationalist prisoners were brought to this jail on March 10, 1858. Afterward in 1872, the British transformed it into a cellular one subsequent to the assassination of Lord Mayo by a convict and named it as Kalapani. Convicts were sent to these islands and locked up in the Cellular Jail. Numerous political prisoners and revolutionaries were held as prisoner here for the duration of the freedom struggle. The prisoners were not permitted to converse with their friends and relatives on the mainland excepting one time in a year. Even the letters and newspapers under subscription by the prisoners were censored prior to handing to them. Whilst fighting against this dictatorship a number of political leaders had to lay down their lives and lots of prisoners had gone insane in the Jail and ended their life by committing of suicide. 


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