The Bandipur National Park is one of the mainly enthralling wild life centers, recognized in 1930's by the Maharajahs of Mysore. It was on one occasion the Mysore private hunting park of the Maharaja.
Afterward in 1941, it was extended to adjoin the Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Nagarhole) in the northwest and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala in the southwest and Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary of Tamil Nadu in the south which at the moment collectively comprise of the Niligiri Biosphere Reserve.
Bandipur located in the southern state of Karnataka. It has its stretch all along the Kerala-Tamil Nadu border and is placed on the Mysore - Ooty highway and covering a forest region of 874.2 square kilometers and 780-1455 m above sea level. The temperature in Bandipur varies between 10 degrees and 35 degrees centigrade. The park has an usual annual rainfall of 1200mm.
In 1973 Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary was designated as a tiger reserve of India. It became one of the sanctuaries selected across India for Project Tiger Scheme by the World Wide Fund (WWF) for Nature.The project is designed to save the tiger and its natural habitat from potential dangers. In 1974, the Bandipur was declared as a National Park under the Wildlife Protection Act.
The Bandipur National Park is encircled with an admixture of evergreen forests, diversity of animal species and rivers. It chiefly consists of intermediate sized hills with moderate slopes and petty, profoundly forested valleys with a significant diversity of flora and fauna.
The forest cover up is extremely dense with vegetation like Teak, Honne, Tadasalu, Mathi, Nandi, Rosewood, Sandalwood, Bamboo, Nelli, Kooli, Kadu Tega, Dindalu, Bende, Randia and Flame of the Forest creating up a foremost portion of the variety.
Some of the most important animal species originate in the park are Tigers, Leopards, Elephants, Gaurs, Sambar, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Chital, Black Napped Hare, Sloth Beer, Bonnet Macaque, Wild dog (Dhole), Langur, Indian Giant Red Squirrel, Four Horned Antelope (Chausingha), Porcupines, Slender Loris, Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat, Rusty Spotted Cat, Small Indian Civet, Palm Civet, Common Otter, Wild Boar, Jackal, Four varieties of Mongoose, Flying Squirrels, Pangolin, Giant Fruit Bats and Striped Hyenas.
Accomodation In Bandipur National Park
A large number of these species are found close to the accommodation amenities obtainable in the park. In order to get a nearer view of the animals, one can reserve a 'Machan' near the watering hole.
In excess of 230 species of birds have been recognized in the park. A quantity of the mainly noteworthy ones are the Serpent Eagles, Shaheen Falcons, Crested Hawk Eagles, Ospreys, Honey Buzzards, Gray Headed Firhings, Malabar Pied Hornbills, Stork, Egret, Kite, Peafowl, Lapwing, Sandpiper, Drongo and the warbler, Hill Mynas, King Vultures, Malabar Trogon, Gray Partridges, Black Woodpeckers, Indian Pittas, Paradise Flycatchers, Cormorants, Teals, Ducks, Herons, Waders, Gray Jungle Fowl, Red Spur Fowl, Blue Bearded Bee-Eaters, Parakeets, Lesser Coucals, Scarlet Minivets, Fairy Blue Birds, Malabar Whistling Thrushes, Scimitar Babblers, Green Imperial Pigeons, Nightjars and Owls.
The Reptile family is formed by marsh Crocodiles, Rock Pythons, Russell’s Vipers, Monitor Lizards, Cobras, Rat Snakes, Wolf Snakes, Indian python, Vine Snakes, Common Kraits, Green Keel backs, Bamboo Pit Vipers, Turtles, Flying Lizards and lots of other varieties of snakes.
In addition the animals, the park provides supplementary places of tourism which are quiet interesting such as the Gopalaswami Betta and the Rolling Rocks the uppermost peak in the Bandipur range. Gopalaswami Betta provides a sight of the Mysore plateau and its adjacent hills. The Rolling Rocks, to the south of the forest, present views of the 260 meter profound Mysore Ditch and the complete Moyar gorge. The whole park is soundly irrigated by four rivers, which are Nagu, Kabini, Mule hole and Moyar. Kabini dam that keeps apart Bandipur from the Nagarhole reserve where as The Moyar River acts as a periphery between the park and the Madhumalai Sanctuary.
Bandipur is one of the most excellent game sanctuaries in India to scrutinize and for photography of wildlife in close up immediacy. All tourists to Bandipur have to get admission permits at the entry point to the park. The cost is around Rs 150 for foreigners and significantly less for Indians. Supplementary charges are levied for cameras, vehicles, and rides on elephant or jeep.
Private vehicles are not permissible inside the park. The barely means of transportation within the park are uncovered van and jeep run by authorities of the park. These vehicles are accompanied by its own knowledgeable guide to spot and identify wildlife. The Forest Department also makes arrangements for elephant rides of nearly an hour or more for each ride, which takes one deep into the forest. All these rides move about into the park twice each day, in the early hours of morning and towards afternoon. Human loitering in the park is not permitted after dark. Accommodations in the Forest Rest house for should be held in reserve well in advance at the Forest Office in Bangalore or Mysore.
How to Reach Bandipur Tiger Reserve
Air: The adjacent airport to the park is located at Mysore situated 80 kms from the park.
Rail: The closest Railway Station to the park is located at Nanjungud 55 kms away followed by the Mysore station at a remoteness of 80 kms.
Road: The park is situated on the highway linking Mysore and Ooty (80 kms). There are regular buses and easily available taxis from all the neighboring cities, chiefly Mysore, 80km away which is 2 -3 hour journey by road and Bangalore which is at a distance of 220 kms from Bandipur.
o Office of the Field Director,
Project Tiger, Aranya Bhavan,
Mysore - 570 008
Phone : 0821-2480901
Mysore – 570 008
o The Chief Wildlife Warden,
18th Cross, Bangalore
o Karnataka Tourism
No. 49, 2nd Floor,
Race Course Road
Bangalore - 560 001
Tel : +91 80 2235 2828
Fax : +91 80 2235 2626