Architecture / construction / origin / inspiration / tomb / main entry / garden / plant motifs / incised paintings / reflective tiles / gems / materials / calligraphy / marble cupolas of Taj Mahal
Erection of the Taj Mahal began in the same year and was accomplished after 22 years in 1653 at an expenditure of 32 Million Rupees. Twenty thousand workmen and master craftsmen from Persia, France, Iran, Italy and Turkey toiled on the building. Even though no one knows who designed the Taj, the name of a Persian architect, Ustad Isa, was involved in the construction of this marble monument.
Materials for instance red sandstone, silver and gold, carnelian and jasper, moonstone and jade, lapiz lazuli and coral were brought in from all over India and central Asia. The white Makrana marble from Jodhpur took a fleet of 1000 elephants for transportation. Precious stones for the engraving purpose came from Baghdad, Punjab, Egypt, Russia, China, Afghanistan, Ceylon and Persia.
The distinctive Mughal style of architecture in combination with elements and styles of Persian, Central Asian and Islamic architecture is reflected here. The Taj Mahal complex primarily comprises of the Darwaza or main gateway, the Bageecha or symmetrically designed garden, the Masjid or mosque, the Naqqar Khana or house for rest, and the Rauza or the Taj Mahal mausoleum. The actual Tomb is positioned within the Taj.